## What is impurity diffusion?

In the practical fabrication of solid-state electronic devices, it is generally necessary to introduce controlled amounts of various shallow level impurities, i.e., dopants (B, P, or As), into particular regions within the silicon crystal.

What is the use of diffusion coefficient?

Diffusion Coefficients The diffusion coefficient is the proportionality between flux and concentration gradient. The electrode area can be determined electrochemically with equations equivalent to an equation and by using a redox couple having a known diffusion coefficient.

### What is water permeability coefficient?

6.1 Effect of the Temperatures on the Water Permeability Coefficient A. The water permeability coefficient is an important parameter to determine the performance of a membrane. To study the effect of the bulks temperatures on A, experiments were carried out using the IGB membrane.

How is the diffusion coefficient of an impurity expressed?

The diffusion coefficient can usually be expressed as where ‘E a ‘ is the activation energy measured in ‘eV’ of the dopant or impurity being diffused and ‘D 0 ‘ is the diffusion coefficient extrapolated to infinite temperature.

#### What happens when Dopant impurity exceeds intrinsic carrier concentration?

If the dopant-impurity concentration exceeds the intrinsic-carrier concentration at the diffusion temperature, then the diffusion becomes extrinsic, and the profiles become more complicated. This calculator does not verify whether the diffusion conditions inputted meet the constraint of intrinsic diffusion.

Is the composition dependency of the interdiffusion coefficient strong?

Very strong composition dependency of the interdiffusion coefficients is observed in the Cr-rich bcc phase of the Cr–Co, Cr–Fe, Cr–Ni and Cr–Pt systems. Impurity diffusion coefficients are also extracted using the forward-simulation method and are compared with data reported in the literature.

## How are interdiffusion coefficients of the CR-X calculated?

Composition profiles of eight Cr–X (X = Co, Fe, Mo, Nb, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ta) binary systems are collected from diffusion multiples from which composition-dependent interdiffusion coefficients for all the phases in these eight binary systems are extracted using a forward-simulation method.

What is impurity diffusion? In the practical fabrication of solid-state electronic devices, it is generally necessary to introduce controlled amounts of various shallow level impurities, i.e., dopants (B, P, or As), into particular regions within the silicon crystal. What is the use of diffusion coefficient? Diffusion Coefficients The diffusion coefficient is the proportionality between flux…