Do dogs outgrow hypertrophic osteodystrophy?
Do dogs outgrow hypertrophic osteodystrophy?
Especially in large/giant breed puppies, inflammation in the growth plates of longer, larger bones can lead to what’s known as hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD). While HOD can be very painful, it is usually a self-limiting condition with no permanent side-effects, meaning puppies simply outgrow it.
What is Canine hypertrophic osteopathy?
Hypertrophic osteopathy (HO) is an intriguing syndrome characterized by a painful periosteal reaction and associated soft tissue swelling of the limbs. 1. In the dog, the pathological changes tend to be bilaterally symmetrical and involve all four distal limbs.
How is hypertrophic osteodystrophy treated in dogs?
Treatment is largely supportive, consisting of IV fluid therapy for dogs with high fevers and pain medication for all. Anti-inflammatory drugs such as the aspirin-like NSAIDs (like carprofen and meloxicam) or corticosteroids (like prednisone) and non-narcotic opiates (like tramadol) are commonly prescribed.
What is hypertrophic osteodystrophy in animals?
Bones, Joints, Tendons, and Ligaments1 Metaphyseal osteopathy, previously termed hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD), is a disease of young (usually 3 to 6 months of age), growing dogs of the large and giant breeds that results in severe pain that is localized to the metaphyses of the long bones.
Is hypertrophic osteodystrophy curable?
Mild cases of HOD may resolve on their own or with only supportive care. Watch for a possible return of any clinical signs once the dog has stopped/tapered the NSAIDs or prednisone, because recurrences are common until the leg bone has finished growing.
What causes hypertrophic osteodystrophy?
Causes have been speculated to include decreased Vitamin C uptake, increased vitamin (other than C) and mineral uptake, and infection with canine distemper virus(CDV). Decreased Vitamin C uptake has been dismissed as a cause, but excessive calcium supplementation remains a possibility.
How is hypertrophic osteopathy diagnosed?
The diagnostic criteria for hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) include clubbing and periostosis of the tubular bones. Three incomplete forms of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy are described: Clubbing alone. Periostosis without clubbing in the setting of an illness known to be associated with HOA.
What causes hypertrophic osteopathy?
Hypertrophic osteopathy is a generalized osteoproductive disorder of the periosteum that affects the long and short tubular bones of the extremities. It is usually caused by a thoracic mass or cardiopulmonary disease.
How long does hypertrophic osteodystrophy last?
HOD occurs episodically, and can last for a few weeks at a time. Recurrence is expected in most dogs, until they reach 8-10 months of age. Because the disease causes a disruption in normal bone development, it can result in deformity of long bones, or in the most severe cases, dwarfism.
Is hypertrophic osteodystrophy genetic?
Even though the pathogenesis of HOD is unknown, there is strong evidence suggesting an inherited component to the disease especially since HOD is more common in specific breeds.
How is hypertrophic osteodystrophy diagnosed?
Diagnosis is made via physical exam (seeing obviously swollen soft tissue over the leg bones), radiographs, blood tests, etc. Your veterinarian will want to control the fever, lethargy, and bone pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often used for this.
What does it mean when a dog has Hypertrophic osteodystrophy?
Hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD) is a developmental disease of young, rapidly growing large- and giant-breed dogs. Dogs with HOD exhibit lameness in one or more limbs in association with swelling and inflammation of the metaphyseal regions of long bones.
Can a dog have hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy?
It has also been referred to as hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy because the underlying disease has most often been found to be pulmonary in nature. Hypertrophic osteopathy has not only been found in humans and dogs but also in horses, cows, sheep, cats, fowl and other species of animals.
Which is the best treatment for hypertrophic osteodystrophy?
This disease appears to improve with whatever treatment is undertaken. In one study, 24 dogs with hypertrophic osteodystrophy were managed by one of these methods: no treatment; antibiotics; antibiotics and corticosteroids; or antibiotics, corticosteroids, and vitamin C.
How is hypertrophic osteopathy displayed on radiographic imaging?
Hypertrophic osteopathy will be displayed on the radiographic imaging as bilateral and symmetrical primarily along the long bones of the skeletal frame. In the early stages, it is likely that only soft tissue swelling will be noted as the development of the abnormal bony elements of the condition occurs over time.
Do dogs outgrow hypertrophic osteodystrophy? Especially in large/giant breed puppies, inflammation in the growth plates of longer, larger bones can lead to what’s known as hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD). While HOD can be very painful, it is usually a self-limiting condition with no permanent side-effects, meaning puppies simply outgrow it. What is Canine hypertrophic osteopathy? Hypertrophic…