## How do you calculate calcium content?

This method, called a complexometric titration, is used to find the calcium content of milk, the ‘hardness’ of water and the amount of calcium carbonate in various solid materials. The method uses a very large molecule called EDTA which forms a complex with calcium ions.

How do you calculate pI from a titration curve?

For a simple diprotic amino acid, the pI falls halfway between the two pK values. For acidic amino acids, the pI is given by ½(pK1 + pK2) and for basic amino acids it’s given by ½(pK2 + pK3). In this experiment we are finding out the titration curve of the amino acid Glycine.

How does phenolphthalein end point relate to the equivalence point of the reaction?

An acid-base indicator (e.g., phenolphthalein) changes color depending on the pH. A drop of indicator solution is added to the titration at the start; when the color changes the endpoint has been reached, this is an approximation of the equivalence point.

### What color is EDTA?

EDTA is short for ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. A blue dye called Eriochrome Black T (ErioT) is used as the indicator. This blue dye also forms a complex with the calcium and magnesium ions, changing colour from blue to pink in the process. The dye–metal ion complex is less stable than the EDTA–metal ion complex.

Does temperature affect calcium content in milk?

They found that soluble calcium decreased with increasing temperature, measured up to 90°C. This is in accordance with the decrease in calcium phosphate solubility as temperature increases. For individual milk samples, ionic calcium increases as pH is reduced (Geerts et al., 1983; Tsioulpas et al., 2007).

What is difference between end point and equivalence point?

The point in the titration process where the chemical reaction in the titration mixture ends is called equivalence point. The point in the titration process which is indicated by color change of the indicator is called endpoint. It is the point where the analyte has completely reacted with the titrant.

#### How is Complexometric titration used in the real world?

Complexometric titration is used for estimation of amount of total hardness in water. It is widely used in pharmaceutical industry to determine metal concentration in drugs. Titanium dioxide is used in many cosmetic products.

How to calculate the titration curve for 50.0 ml?

Let’s calculate the titration curve for 50.0 mL of 5.00 × 10 –3 M Cd 2+ using a titrant of 0.0100 M EDTA. Furthermore, let’s assume that the titrand is buffered to a pH of 10 with a buffer that is 0.0100 M in NH 3.

How to calculate a titrant for a complexation curve?

We also will learn how to quickly sketch a good approximation of any complexation titration curve using a limited number of simple calculations. Let’s calculate the titration curve for 50.0 mL of 5.00 × 10 –3 M Cd 2+ using a titrant of 0.0100 M EDTA.

## What makes wine red in complexometric titration experiment?

So, addition of EBT indicator in the sample (water containing metal) makes it wine red in color as eriochrome black T binds with metal ions. Eriochrome black T binds with metal ions loosely while EDTA binds with metal ions strongly.

How do you calculate calcium content? This method, called a complexometric titration, is used to find the calcium content of milk, the ‘hardness’ of water and the amount of calcium carbonate in various solid materials. The method uses a very large molecule called EDTA which forms a complex with calcium ions. How do you calculate…