## Is the equilibrium constant dependent on temperature?

As detailed in the above section, the position of equilibrium for a given reaction does not depend on the starting concentrations and so the value of the equilibrium constant is truly constant. It does, however, depend on the temperature of the reaction.

## What is the relationship between equilibrium constant and temperature?

Changing temperature Increasing the temperature decreases the value of the equilibrium constant. Where the forward reaction is endothermic, increasing the temperature increases the value of the equilibrium constant. The position of equilibrium also changes if you change the temperature.

What is the equilibrium constant at constant temperature?

Equilibrium constants are changed if you change the temperature of the system. Kc or Kp are constant at constant temperature, but they vary as the temperature changes. You can see that as the temperature increases, the value of Kp falls. Note: You might possibly be wondering what the units of Kp are.

How do you find the equilibrium constant at each temperature?

A certain reaction has a value of Kp=0.0260 at 25 °C and ΔHorxm=32.4kJ/mol. Calculate the value of Kp at 37 °C….9.6: Temperature Dependence of Equilibrium Constants – the van ‘t Hoff Equation.

X-Y D(X-Y) (kJ/mol)
P-Cl 326
Cl-Cl 240

### What are reaction rates dependent on?

Five factors typically affecting the rates of chemical reactions will be explored in this section: the chemical nature of the reacting substances, the state of subdivision (one large lump versus many small particles) of the reactants, the temperature of the reactants, the concentration of the reactants, and the …

### What does an equilibrium constant tell you?

The equilibrium constant expression is a mathematical relationship that shows how the concentrations of the products vary with the concentration of the reactants. If the value of K is greater than 1, the products in the reaction are favored. If the value of K is less than 1, the reactants in the reaction are favored.

How does temperature affect equilibrium constant exothermic?

For an exothermic reaction, heat is a product. Therefore, increasing the temperature will shift the equilibrium to the left, while decreasing the temperature will shift the equilibrium to the right.

What happens to equilibrium when temperature is increased endothermic?

if the temperature is increased, the position of equilibrium moves in the direction of the endothermic reaction. if the temperature is reduced, the position of equilibrium moves in the direction of the exothermic reaction.

#### Is rate constant dependent on initial concentration?

The rate constant (k) of a rate law is a constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the reactant concentration. The exponent to which a concentration is raised in a rate law indicates the reaction order, the degree to which the reaction rate depends on the concentration of a particular reactant.

Why does equilibrium constant depend on the temperature?

It does, however, depend on the temperature of the reaction. This is because equilibrium is defined as a condition resulting from the rates of forward and reverse reactions being equal. If the temperature changes, the corresponding change in those reaction rates will alter the equilibrium constant.

How can we calculate an equilibrium constant?

List the known values and plan the problem .

• Solve . Substituting in the concentrations at equilibrium: