## What is tan delta test set?

Tan delta (Tan δ, TD) testing, also called dissipation factor or loss angle, is used for measuring the degree of deterioration of shielded MV/HV cable insulation. The results reveal how contaminated, damaged, or water tree strewn the insulation has become.

What is meant by tan delta?

Tan delta is the ratio between the resistive current and capacitive current. If we consider the resistance of an ideal cable to be infinite, then the total current will be purely capacitive and 90° phase shifted to the applied voltage.

How do you interpret tan delta?

If the tan delta numbers indicate good cable insulation, the test voltage may be raised up to 1.0, 1.5U₀ and 2 U₀. The tan delta numbers at the higher voltages are compared to those at lower voltages and an analysis is made.

### What is the safe limit of tan delta?

4. Capacitive Voltage

Sr. No. Equipment / test data Permissible limits
A) Tan Delta 0.007* at 20 Deg. C
B) Capacitance Within +10%/-5% of the rated value
C Contact resistance of terminal connector 10 M-Ohm per connector
D) IR Value IR Value

Why do we use tan delta?

A Tan Delta test is performed by applying an ac voltage to a test cell of known gap, measuring the total current flow through the oil, and separating and comparing the reactive and resistance portions of the current passing through the oil.

What is negative tan delta?

THE NEGATIVE DISSIPATON FACTOR As the dissipation factor indicates the quality of insulation materials by the tangent of the ratio of resistive current IR to capacitive current IC, a negative dissipation factor would imply a negative resistive current, which is physically impossible.

#### What is the use of tan delta test in transformer?

What should be the value of tan delta?

The frequency range for tan delta test is generally from 0.1 to 0.01 Hz depending upon size and nature of insulation. There is another reason for which it is essential to keep the input frequency of the test as low as possible. As we know, That means, dissipation factor tanδ ∝ 1/f.

Is tan delta testing destructive?

Very low frequency (VLF) tan delta testing is a precise and non-destructive method to provide information on the extent of ageing in cable insulation.

## What is the name of oil used in transformer?

Mineral oil
Mineral oil and Synthetic oil are the majorly used transformer oil. These are the petroleum products, like Naphthenic based transformer oil and Paraffinic based transformer oil. Naphthenic based transformer oils are known for their heat distribution, which is one of the main problems with transformer.

Why is oil used in transformers?

Transformer oil is used to insulate high-voltage electrical infrastructure such as transformers, capacitors, switches and circuit breakers. Transformer oils are designed to operate effectively at very high temperatures, cooling, insulating, and stopping corona discharges and arcing.

How is tan delta used in voltage testing?

When voltage (U) is applied to the cable under test the total current (I) will be the contributions of the resistive current (I R) and capacitive current (I C ). Tan delta is the ratio between the resistive current and capacitive current.

### What is the dissipation factor of tan delta?

Dissipation Factor Tan Delta is the ratio of useless current in the Electrical system to a useful current in it. That means this is the ratio of Wattloss current to the Reactive current in it. Hence tan delta is considered as the measure of quality of insulation in dielectric material.

When to do a tan delta oil test?

If the test results are good, the oil is continued in service and when the test results are not as expected, then either replacement or change in oil takes place. The main purpose of the tan delta test is to make sure of maintaining a secure and reliable functioning of the transformer.

Can a singular defect be found by a tan delta test?

Singular defects cannot be located in the cable by conducting a pure tan delta measurement because tan delta is the average value of dielectric losses for the whole cable system. However, PD measurements can be conducted to locate whether PD sources within the cable are the reason for high tan delta values.

What is tan delta test set? Tan delta (Tan δ, TD) testing, also called dissipation factor or loss angle, is used for measuring the degree of deterioration of shielded MV/HV cable insulation. The results reveal how contaminated, damaged, or water tree strewn the insulation has become. What is meant by tan delta? Tan delta is…