## What is the purpose of cyclic voltammetry?

Cyclic voltammetry (CV) is a powerful and popular electro- chemical technique commonly employed to investigate the reduc- tion and oxidation processes of molecular species. CV is also invaluable to study electron transfer-initiated chemical reactions, which includes catalysis.

What is background current?

The background current is related to the working potential, working electrode diameter and material and the mobile phase composition. To find out whether the cell current is normal or not consider your cell potential, electrode diameter and pH.

What is the difference between e0 and e1 2?

Your attachment looks like a page in Bard & Faulkner electrochemical methods textbook. The difference between them is clearly spelt out on the same page and other pages as well as the relationship between them. Ep/2 is the potential corresponding to half the peak current (Ip). It is called the half-peak potential.

### What is half wave potential?

Half-wave potential (E1/2) is a potential at which polarographic wave current is equal to one half of diffusion current (id). In a given supporting electrolyte, the half-wave potential is unique for each element and its different valence states and chemical forms.

What is cyclic voltammetry PPT?

Cyclic Voltammetry: In cyclic Voltammetry(CV), the current response of a small stationary electrode in an unstirred solution is excited by a triangular voltage waveform. In this example, the potential is first varied linearly from +0.8V to -0.15V versus a saturated calomel electrode.

Why does current increase with scan rate?

Total current in a system, i = ifaradic +icharging and faradic current is fixed with scan rate. when scan rate increases, the charging current will increase and actual capacitance is constant for a material. When scan rate increase you are allowing more current to flow.

## How do you calculate half wave potential?

half-wave potential → poluvalni potencijal Half-wave potential (E1/2) is a potential at which polarographic wave current is equal to one half of diffusion current (id). In a given supporting electrolyte, the half-wave potential is unique for each element and its different valence states and chemical forms.

Why DME is used in polarography?

The dropping mercury electrode (DME) is a working electrode made of mercury and used in polarography. Like other working electrodes these electrodes are used in electrochemical studies using three electrode systems when investigating reaction mechanisms related to redox chemistry among other chemical phenomena.

What is Ilkovic equation?

Ilkovic equation is a relation used in polarography relating the diffusion current (id) and the concentration of the depolarizer (c), which is the substance reduced or oxidized at the dropping mercury electrode. The Ilkovic equation has the form. id = k n D1/3m2/3t1/6c.

### What is polarographic wave?

When the solution contains several substances that are reduced or oxidized at different voltages, the current-voltage curve shows a separate current increase (polarographic wave) and limiting current for each.

Why dropping mercury electrode is used in polarography?

In polarography, mercury is used as a working electrode, because mercury is a liquid metal and thus the electrode can be renewed after each droplet. The working electrode is often a drop suspended from the end of a capillary tube.

What is diffusion current in polarography?

[də′fyü·zhən ‚kər·ənt] (analytical chemistry) In polarography with a dropping-mercury electrode, the flow that is controled by the rate of diffusion of the active solution species across the concentration gradient produced by the removal of ions or molecule at the electrode surface.

## What is difference between drift current and diffusion current?

Drift current is electric current due to the motion of charge carriers under the influence of an external electric field while diffusion current is electric current due to the diffusion of carriers leading to a change in carrier concentration.

Why supporting electrodes are used in polarography?

When large amount of KC1 about 35 to 100 times than the reducible metal ions is added, then transport number of metal ions is reduced to zero and so the migration current reduced to zero. Such electrolyte is called supporting electrolyte i.e. KC1 is supporting electrolyte.

Why is density diffusion current negative?

The concentration of holes is decreasing as you go from the -x to +x direction. Therefore, holes will diffuse to the +x direction where there’s a lower concentration of holes. This is why the negative sign is needed in the equation for the hole diffusion current.

### What is the average net velocity in the direction of electric field?

In general, an electron in a conductor will propagate randomly at the Fermi velocity, resulting in an average velocity of zero. Applying an electric field adds to this random motion a small net flow in one direction; this is the drift.

What is the purpose of cyclic voltammetry? Cyclic voltammetry (CV) is a powerful and popular electro- chemical technique commonly employed to investigate the reduc- tion and oxidation processes of molecular species. CV is also invaluable to study electron transfer-initiated chemical reactions, which includes catalysis. What is background current? The background current is related to the…