What is the word insipidus mean?
What is the word insipidus mean?
Article by Prof John Newell-Price. Diabetes insipidus literally means passing lots of insipid or ‘tasteless’ urine. In the general population it is very uncommon, but plenty of patients with pituitary disease have diabetes insipidus.
What is the root word of diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is derived from the Greek word diabetes meaning siphon – to pass through and the Latin word mellitus meaning honeyed or sweet. This is because in diabetes excess sugar is found in blood as well as the urine.
Is diabetes a Greek word?
Diabetes mellitus is taken from the Greek word diabetes, meaning siphon – to pass through and the Latin word mellitus meaning sweet.
What is DI medical term?
Diabetes insipidus (DI) is an uncommon condition in which the kidneys are unable to prevent the excretion of water. DI is not the same as diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2. However, untreated, both DI and diabetes mellitus cause constant thirst and frequent urination.
Why is it called diabetes insipidus?
In diabetes insipidus, the lack of production of AVP means the kidney cannot make enough concentrated urine and too much water is passed from the body. In rare cases, the kidney does not respond to AVP. This causes a specific form of diabetes insipidus called nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
Who coined the term diabetes?
The term “diabetes” was first coined by Araetus of Cappodocia (81-133AD). Later, the word mellitus (honey sweet) was added by Thomas Willis (Britain) in 1675 after rediscovering the sweetness of urine and blood of patients (first noticed by the ancient Indians).
What is the most common type of diabetes insipidus?
Cranial diabetes insipidus occurs when there’s not enough AVP in the body to regulate urine production. Cranial diabetes insipidus is the most common type of diabetes insipidus. It can be caused by damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland – for example, after an infection, operation, brain tumour or head injury.
Why is diabetes insipidus named?
Diabetes insipidus is so named because the large volume of urine that is excreted is tasteless, or “insipid,” rather than sweet, as is the case in diabetes mellitus, in which the urine may contain large quantities of glucose.
Which medication can cause diabetes insipidus?
Causes of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in adults include: Lithium, a drug most commonly taken for bipolar disorder; up to 20% of people taking lithium will develop nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Other medicines, including demeclocycline (Declomycin), ofloxacin (Floxin), orlistat (alli, Xenical), and others.
Does glycosuria not occur in diabetes insipidus?
Glycosuria is not a manifestation of diabetes insipidus. It may be a manifestation of diabetes mellitus. Nausea and vomiting are not manifestations of diabetes insipidus.
What is the abbreviation for nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), also known as renal diabetes insipidus, is a form of diabetes insipidus primarily due to pathology of the kidney. This is in contrast to central or neurogenic diabetes insipidus, which is caused by insufficient levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH, also called vasopressin).
What is the word insipidus mean? Article by Prof John Newell-Price. Diabetes insipidus literally means passing lots of insipid or ‘tasteless’ urine. In the general population it is very uncommon, but plenty of patients with pituitary disease have diabetes insipidus. What is the root word of diabetes? Diabetes mellitus is derived from the Greek word…